Hola VPN v1.34 – Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

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Hola VPN v1.34 – Privilege Escalation Vulnerability


From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>

Date: Wed, 3 May 2017 13:04:28 +0200


Document Title:
===============
Hola VPN v1.34 - Privilege Escalation Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2062


Release Date:
=============
2017-05-03


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
2062


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
3.2


Vulnerability Class:
====================
Privilege Escalation


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Hola's goal is to make the internet faster, more open, and cheaper to operate. Hola is a collaborative (P2P) internet 
-- Hola works by sharing 
the idle resources of its users for the benefit of all. Hola provides several products based on this resource sharing 
technology:

Hola's VPN network allows consumers to browse the web privately, securely, and freely. Making the world wide web 
worldwide again. Hola is used 
by over 80 million people! Luminati has disrupted the way businesses conduct brand monitoring (checking the prices of 
their products in various stores), 
self-test (checking how their corporate site looks from multiple countries), anti ad-fraud and so on, by providing them 
a privacy network. Hola's Video 
CDN changes the game in video delivery. Designed as a service for video publishers, HolaCDN makes videos start faster, 
buffer less, and at a fraction 
of the costs of traditional businesses.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://hola.org/faq#intro-howfree )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered an privilege escalation vulnerability in the official Hola 
VPN v1.34 client software.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2016-05-03:     Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Hola Networks Ltd
Product: Hola - VPN Software (Windows) 1.34


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Local


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Technical Details & Description:
================================
A local privilege escalation vulnerability has been discovered in the official Hola VPN v1.34 client software.
The local security vulnerability allows an attackers to gain higher access privileges by exploitation of an 
insecure permission misconfiguration.

The software suffers from a local privilege escalation vulnerability. Users are able to change the files with 
executable access to a binary of choice. The issue is located in the misconfigured permission values with the 
`F`(full) flag in the users and everyone group. The group/user permission for the path is assigned to the 
everyone group. Local attackers could exploit the vulnerability by a replace of the `7za.exe` or 
`hola.exe`...etc files with a malicious executable file. The malicious file is exectuable with the 
local system user permissions.

The security risk of the vulnerability is estimated as medium (CVSS 3.2). Exploitation of the software vulnerability 
requires a low privilege system user account with restricted access and without user interaction. Successful 
exploitation 
of the vulnerability results in system process compromise and further manipulation or exploitation to compromise the 
local computer operating system.


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The local privilege escalation vulnerability can be exploited by local attackers without user interaction and with 
system user account.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the security vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below 
to continue.


--- Session Logs (Privileges) ---
C:Program FilesHolaapp Everyone:F
C:Program FilesHoladb Everyone:F
C:Program FilesHolahola_svc.exe.cid Everyone:F
C:Program FilesHolahola_updater.exe.cid Everyone:F
C:Program FilesHolalog Everyone:F
C:Program FilesHolatemp Everyone:F

C:Program FilesHola
Medium Mandatory Level (Default) [No-Write-Up]
RW Everyone
        FILE_ALL_ACCESS
RW NT SERVICETrustedInstaller
        FILE_ALL_ACCESS
RW NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM
        FILE_ALL_ACCESS
RW BUILTINAdministrators
        FILE_ALL_ACCESS
R  BUILTINUsers
        FILE_LIST_DIRECTORY
        FILE_READ_ATTRIBUTES
        FILE_READ_EA
        FILE_TRAVERSE
        SYNCHRONIZE
        READ_CONTROL

C:Program FilesHola Everyone:F 
NT SERVICETrustedInstaller:(ID)F
NT SERVICETrustedInstaller:(CI)(IO)(ID)F
NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(ID)F
NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)F
BUILTINAdministrators:(ID)F
BUILTINAdministrators:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)F
BUILTINUsers:(ID)R
BUILTINUsers:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)(special access:)
GENERIC_READ
GENERIC_EXECUTE
CREATOR OWNER:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)F

7za.exe Everyone:(F)
        NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(I)(F)
        BUILTINAdministrators:(I)(F)
        BUILTINUsers:(I)(RX)
hola.exe Everyone:(F)
         NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(I)(F)
         BUILTINAdministrators:(I)(F)
         BUILTINUsers:(I)(RX)
hola_setup.exe NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(I)(F)
               BUILTINAdministrators:(I)(F)
               BUILTINUsers:(I)(RX)
hola_svc.exe Everyone:(F)
             NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(I)(F)
             BUILTINAdministrators:(I)(F)
             BUILTINUsers:(I)(RX)
hola_updater.exe Everyone:(F)
                 NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(I)(F)
                 BUILTINAdministrators:(I)(F)
                 BUILTINUsers:(I)(RX)


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the local privilege escalation vulnerability in the Hola VPN v1.34 client software is estimated as 
medium (CVSS 3.2).


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Core Research Team] - SaifAllah benMassaoud 
(http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=SaifAllahbenMassaoud)


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=========================
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