Bugtraq: XSS in tooltip plugin of Zurb Foundation 5

XSS vulnerabilty in the tooltip plugin of Zurb Foundation 5.x


URL to this advisory: https://nop.li/foundation5tooltipxss






(Taken from http://foundation.zurb.com/sites/docs/v/5.5.3/)

Foundation is the most advanced, responsive front-end framework in the

world. The framework is mobile

friendly and ready for you to customize it any way you want to use it.

Vulnerability Type


Cross-Site-Scripting Vulnerability

CVE Reference



Vulnerability Details


The Foundation framework provides an easy way to insert tooltips into

your code. The corresponding plugin

for this is *foundation.tooltip.js*. Unfortunately the plugin takes

HTML-encoded code from the title

parameter and returns it as actual HTML, allowing an attacker to inject

dynamic HTML/JS into an

application, if the application allows to inject user input into title

fields of a tooltip’ed SPAN

entity. Even if the user input is correctly encoded, before adding it to

the tooltip’ed SPAN, the

Foundation Tooltip JavaScript will re-decode it and inject the actul

HTML code.

Example code


This code snippet shows a simple HTML page with encoded HTML in a

tooltip, utilizing the Foundation

JS plugin.

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html class=”no-js” lang=”en”>


<meta charset=”utf-8″>

<meta content=”width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0″ name=”viewport”>

<title>Foundation 5 Tooltip XSS example</title>

<script src=”/foundation/js/vendor/modernizr.js”></script>

<link href=”/css/vpnauth.css” rel=”stylesheet”>

<link href=”/css/font-awesome.min.css” rel=”stylesheet”>



<span data-tooltip data-options=”hover_delay: 50;” class=”has-tip”

title=”<script>alert(“Oh crap!

XSS’ed”);</script>”>This is a tooltip’ed SPAN</span>

<!– Begin Foundation JavaScript includes //–>

<script src=”/foundation/js/vendor/jquery.js”></script>

<script src=”/foundation/js/foundation/foundation.js”></script>





//]]></script> <!– End Foundation JavaScript includes //–>



When opened in a browser, the encoded HTML from the title-parameter in

line 12 will be grabbed by the

tooltip plugin and re-decoded to plain HTML in the output, causing the

JavaScript to be injected into

the page. A JavaScript alert window will pop up.

Quick fix/Workaround


The problem lies in line 197 of *foundation.tooltip.js*:

var $tip = $(tip_template(this.selector($target),


classes = this.inheritable_classes($target);

The title attribute is read and provided as HTML without any

sanitization. As a quick fix, one could

use the .text() function of jQuery to sanitize the read value from the

title attribute. This might

not be a full fix for the issue, but at least worked in my examples.

Here is a diff for quick patching:

— ./foundation.tooltip.js.orig 2016-11-28 16:57:31.000000000


+++ ./foundation.tooltip.js 2016-11-29 10:45:16.000000000 +0100

@@ -196,3 +196,3 @@

– var $tip = $(tip_template(this.selector($target),


+ var $tip = $(tip_template(this.selector($target),


classes = this.inheritable_classes($target);

Affected versions


Succesfully tested in Zurb Foundation 5.5.1 and 5.5.3



– 2016-03-01: Opened issue with Zurb

– 2016-03-03: Reply from a Foundation DEV and assignment to a different

developer to take care

– 2016-04-20: Nothing happend, thus I asked for an update on the issue.

No reply.

– 2016-06-08: Still nothing happend. Asked for an update again. No


– 2016-11-28: Still no reply, so I closed the ticket and announced the


– 2016-11-29: Release of this advisory



The information contained within this advisory is supplied “as-is” with

no warranties or guarantees

of fitness of use or otherwise. Permission is hereby granted for the

redistribution of this advisory,

provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and that due

credit is given. Permission

is explicitly given for insertion in vulnerability databases and

similar, provided that due credit

is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of

the information contained

herein and accepts no responsibility for any damage caused by the use or

misuse of this information.

The author prohibits any malicious use of security related information

or exploits by the author

or elsewhere.

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Source: SecurityFocus Vulnerabilities @ November 29, 2016 at 05:05AM